The aviation sector is a massive industry, generating $704.4 billion of GDP per year (ATAG, 2018). To put this into perspective, if the collective aviation industry were a nation, it would rank 20th in the world in terms of gross domestic product (GDP). In 2017 alone, air transport carried over 53 million tons of freight and over 3.8 billion passengers (IATA, 2017). These monumental figures underscore how important the average airport hub is to the world economy and why cyber security is a critical concern for any stakeholder affiliated with, or dependent on, aviation and air travel as we know it today.
Last week, researchers from ESET, the firm that first attributed the 2015 Ukraine attack to BlackEnergy, released a report analyzing an Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) group called GreyEnergy which they consider the successor of BlackEnergy. These researchers' analysis of the previously undocumented malware shows it has been used in targeted attacks against energy companies and other critical infrastructure organizations in Central and Eastern Europe.